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Modul 3.1 - Human Settlement Planning

Typ: Master

Veranstaltungsart:  Übung

Modul 3.1 Human Settlement Planning (093031)

Ort: GB I, R.410  

Zeit: Mittwoch, 12:15 bis 13:45 Uhr (14täg.)

Start :  23.10.2013


Lehrpersonen: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Baumgart, Sabine (SRP); Dr. rer. pol. Hossain, Shahadat (SRP) ;  Dipl.-Arch. Caimi, Sara (ISPC/SPRING),

Since 2007 more than 50% of the world population is urban. Most of the population growth expected in urban areas within the next decades will be concentrated in the less developed Regions, and specifically in their capital cities, which turn often into Primate Cities. As such, they are regarded as the centre of culture, economy, politics, and attract both the foreign and the national investments of their governments, leading to an unbalanced regional development.
Development strategies and policies focus on more developed settlements causing increasingly unbalanced regional development, where smaller cities, towns and intermediate-sized urban centers are left behind and remain comparatively underdeveloped and impoverished. Services and facilities are unevenly distributed and linkages between urban centers and the hinterland are either weak or nonexistent.
Together with natural population growth, rural-to-urban migration is also contributing to the increasing urban growth, at the expenses of the development of smaller human settlements and rural areas. Nevertheless, in developing countries the majority of the population lives in rural contexts and more emphasis should be put by planners on the development potential of urban-rural linkages by transcending the separation between urban management and rural development.

However, one of the most visible and drastic consequences of unregulated and rapid metropolitan growth in the developing world is the increase of population living in slums or informal settlements, characterized by congested and low standard housing, lack of basic infrastructures and services, and low incomes, leading to the “urbanization of poverty”.
Despite of above-mentioned challenges to be faced in the urban context, cities are seen as engine of prosperity, because they offer opportunities urban areas don´t do. Set in this context, the objective of the course is to highlight the importance of a well planned, integrated and balanced system of urban and rural centers of varying sizes and functions distributed within specific spatial systems.
The course will help participants gain deeper insights into concepts, methods and strategies of planning for settlements with high performance qualities, namely making use of resources in a convenient and efficient way, creating social/economical/cultural opportunities under specific spatial and physical conditions, offering equitable access to everyone, etc.
Furthermore, part of the course will be dedicated to develop knowledge, understanding and values on housing issues in the context of developing countries and, more specifically, on key housing policy instruments, with a focus on integrated approaches aimed at promoting pro-poor strategies.
The course will be a combination of lectures, discussions, presentations of case studies, individual and group works.

Lecture to fail at 20.11.2013


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Prof. Dr.-Ing. Sabine Baumgart, seit 03/2018 in Ruhestand