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Modul_03 - Projekt F 07 The nexus of urban development and mobility in developing countries

Typ: B.Sc.


Modul 3 - Projekt  F 07 - The nexus of urban development and mobility in developing countries – case study, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania


Veranstaltungsnummer: 0910307, Kurztext F 07

Semester: WiSe 2014/15

Termine: Mi. 14:00 bis 18:00 woch von 07.04.2014
                Fr. 14:15 bis 18:15 woch von 10.04.2014

Ort: Geschoßbau III / Raum 418

Zugeordnete Lehrpersonen: Prof.Dr.-Ing. S. Baumgart (SRP), Dr., Dipl.-Ing. W. Scholz


Dar es Salaam in Tanzania is among the fastest growing urban agglomerations in Africa, with about 150,000 new inhabitants per year. The city’s population has increased from 100, 000 in 1952 to 2.5 million in 2002 and to around 4 million in 2013. At the time of independence in 1963, the city had an urban radius of only 6 km. The 1980s witnessed an increase in urban development and the emergence of informal settlements. Today over 70% of Dar es Salaam residents live in informal settlements. These have emerged primarily because the statutory system cannot provide sufficient buildable land for the demand. Inappropriate planning standards and inefficient land allocation procedures are serious bottlenecks. Most urban inhabitants who aspire to own a house in urban areas have to buy plots on the informal land market mostly far away from the CBD. The products of the prevailing planning system are low density settlements with mainly single storey houses. Today, urban development had spread in a finger like pattern for up to 40 km along the main roads to the hinterland. (Scholz et.al. 2013)

The main problem with the urban growth of Dar es Salaam is therefore its spatial expansion and the inability of the regulatory systems to manage effectively. With the rapid growth of Dar es Salaam’s population as well as city area, population has dispersed, with more people moving from the city centre to the periphery, increasing travel demand; however, the necessary resources are missing to satisfy this demand.

Residential location choices of households are strongly related to land use and the consequent urban land structure. The residential location determines many of the daily travel decisions of a household since most daily trips emanate from there, and in this way also influences urban transport aspects. In a city like Dar es Salaam, where rapid urban growth, high poverty and informality prevail, residential location decisions and travel behaviour of the residents are highly constrained with longer distances, lower densities at the peripheries and poor accessibility. Most of the transport infrastructure is not able to cope with the increasing demand, causing high road congestion, overcrowded public transport, high energy consumption as well as a loss of productive time for a large share of the population (Reudenbach 2013). 

Most people in Dar es Salaam use public transport to get around the city: around 60% of all trips are done in this mode. Travelling by public transport is unpleasant and inconvenient due to overcrowded, badly maintained vehicles without any comfort, no scheduled services since buses leave only when they are full, as well as reckless driving and mistreatment of passengers. Due to the traffic congestions during peak hours, individual commuting by car face also serious problems. The ongoing construction of a Bus Rapid Transit system aims at improving public transport and reducing congestion and air pollution. It will be one of the key study areas besides the existing transport modes of public transport buses, tricycles and individual cars.

Aim of the project

Aim of the project is to analyse the ongoing urbanisation process in a developing country in Africa, the situation of urban (public) transportation, the individual mobility pattern of residents and its impact on the residential location preferences of the citizens. One key element is the nexus between residential location, efforts for commuting and livelihood strategies of the residents.

Therefore, the project will understand the underlying mechanism and driving forces of urban development, mobility modes and livelihood strategies in developing countries. The project is expected to develop strategies and policies to guide urban development and mobility.  Methodological approaches are literature review, expert interviews and household as well as user surveys.
The project can rely on the longstanding research experience of the department SRP in Dar es Salaam and a close cooperation with urban researchers of Ardhi University in Dar es Salaam.


Zusätzliche Informationen:
Das F-Projekt wird in deutscher und englischer Sprache durchgeführt. Der Projektbericht wird in Englisch verfasst. Das Beherrschen der englischen Sprache in Wort und Schrift ist daher Voraussetzung zur Teilnahme. Eine 2-3 wöchige Exkursion ist für die Semesterferien im Frühjahr 2015 geplant. Eine finanzielle Förderung wird angestrebt, jedoch muss mit entsprechenden finanziellen Ausgaben gerechnet werden (geschätzte Kosten: Flug ca. 800 €; weitere Kosten inkl. Übernachtungen und Verzehr ca. 500-600 €; Impfungen).

Reudenbach, L. 2013. Spatial Implications of an Emerging Middle Class. Residential Location Decisions and Travel Behaviour in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Diploma Thesis. University of Dortmund

Scholz, W. et al. 2013 The Influence of Planning Standards on the long term Suitability of Settlements: Evidence from Dar es Salaam. In: ISOCARP Review 09. Frontiers of Planning: Visionary Futures for Human Settlements, Den Hague.

B.Sc. RP (2007): Erfolgreicher Abschluss von Modul 2 zur Teilnahme am F-Projekt. (Stichtag: Anmeldung auf der F-Projekt-Börse)
B.Sc. RP (2012): Erfolgreicher Abschluss von Modul 2 zur Teilnahme am F-Projekt. (Stichtag: Anmeldung auf der F-Projekt-Börse)

Prüfung: Modulprüfung (unbenotet), 2 Studienleistungen (unbenotet)
Prüfungsform: Abschlussbericht inkl. Disputation
Studienleistungen: (A) Exposé; (B) Zwischenpräsentation, Plakat und Abstract im Rahmen des Projektmarktes


Downloads zur Veranstaltung über das EWS Anmeldung hier:




Prof. Dr.-Ing. Sabine Baumgart, seit 03/2018 in Ruhestand
Dr.-Ing. Wolfgang Scholz